Trends and Opportunities in Indian Higher Education to the vision of vikasit Bharat 2047
Dr. Abhishek Srivastava
Professor & Principal, Department of Education,
Shri Rawatpura Sarkar University, Raipur, c.G.
Corresponding Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Indian higher education system, the third largest globally, has experienced significant expansion since gaining independence. To become a strong, student-centered global education powerhouse, India must divide its long-term vision into shorter, measurable, and attainable strategies. The National Education Policy 2020 is a significant program, but there are still areas that need improvement. To achieve India's HEI objectives by 2047, the first step is to redesign the architecture of higher education institutions to create a robust and student-focused environment. This will help close the disparity between education and the average Indian individual, enabling students to learn at their own pace. The Indian government must prioritize student needs and address areas that require reform to ensure a prosperous and inclusive future. The concept of Vision 2047 is crucial in shaping the future of higher education in India.
Indian higher education is experiencing a significant increase in enrollment rates and demand due to factors such as population growth, aspirations, and awareness of education's importance. Online and distance learning platforms offer flexibility and convenience, allowing students to pursue education from anywhere. However, online learning also presents challenges such as lack of face-to-face interaction and time management skills. The emphasis on interdisciplinary studies and skill-based education has led to a wide range of courses and certifications, attracting students from around the world. The expansion of the education sector with government funding has led to increased opportunities in the field, including collaborations with international institutions and the integration of technology for improved teaching experiences.
The Indian higher education industry has undergone significant changes in recent years, highlighting the need for adaptability and capitalize on opportunities. The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 aims to create a global citizen among learners by developing knowledge, skills, and values. The policy emphasizes a holistic, multidisciplinary education, motivated faculty, vocational education, quality academic research, and a regulatory system. The demand for digital skills and non-conventional courses is also increasing, with students seeking flexible and innovative pedagogy. The rise in virtual learning and increased technology use in higher education is also a key area of opportunity. The Indian government is focusing on fostering innovation and driving success in the future.
India's Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) has seen significant progress since independence, reaching over 25% in 70 years. To achieve a 50% GER by 2052, the government must promote higher education through scholarships, ease of access, and quality education. Collaboration between formal education institutions and ed-tech providers can improve operational efficiency and create customized digital learning platforms. The government's Vision 2047 initiative aims to transform the Indian higher education system by leveraging digital technologies to bridge the digital divide and enhance the overall learning experience. Stakeholders include educational institutions, government bodies, technology companies, educators, and students. Educational institutions must invest in infrastructure, training programs, and resources to navigate the digital landscape, while government bodies can provide financial support and policy frameworks to encourage the adoption of ed-tech solutions. Technology companies play a crucial role in developing and maintaining the digital learning platforms, ensuring their compatibility with different devices and internet connectivity. Educators need to receive adequate training and support to effectively use these platforms, while students can benefit from interactive and personalized learning experiences. By working together, these stakeholders can drive the transformation of the Indian higher education system and create a more inclusive and accessible learning environment for all.
The integration of technology in higher education faces challenges such as resistance from faculty and administrators, equitable access to technology, and promoting digital literacy among students. To overcome these, comprehensive training and support should be provided, including workshops, tutorials, and professional development opportunities. Institutions should also establish on-campus computer labs or loan programs for students in need, and offer digital literacy courses to help them navigate digital tools effectively. Collaboration and support from multiple stakeholders are crucial for successful implementation. The Vision 2047, a framework for transforming Indian higher education, can help institutions prepare students for the digital age and create a conducive learning environment.
Keywords: NEP2020, Digital Skills, Virtual Skills, GER, Collaboration.