top of page

Celebrated Master Artists of the Bikaner School


Shanane Davis

Co-owner of Olkaan Nishtah’ U.K.


DOI: 10.52984/ijomrc1107

In this article I have tried to incorporate details about Shah Muhammed, the first celebrated artist of the Bikaner School. During the last decades of the 16th Century, he was trying to achieve a new style by mixing various school styles and techniques. He started to paint in Bikaner and paintings attributed to him were found up to the beginning of the 17th Century. Nur Muhammed learned the fundamentals of "Siyah Kalam on Warqa", painting, and various school styles from his uncle Shah Muhammed. A review of Shah Muhammed's "Siyah Kalam on Warqa" shows his focus was more on the practice and application of various influences and fusions of styles.


KeyWords :  Siyah Kalam, Warqa, school styles, Bikaner School and fusions of styles.

bottom of page